"Are we going to have a recession? It's pretty likely," said Larry Harris, the Fred V. Keenan Chair in Finance at the University of Southern California Marshall School of Business and former chief economist of the SEC.
"It's very hard to stop inflation without a recession."
To tame the recent inflationary spike, the Federal Reserve signaled it will continue to raise interest rates.
When rates are high, consumers get a better return on the money they stash in a bank account and must shell out more to get a loan, which can trigger them to borrow less.
"Rising interest rates choke off spending by increasing the cost of financing," Harris said.
That leaves less money flowing through the economy and growth begins to slow.
Fears that the Fed's aggressive moves could tip the economy into a recession has already caused markets to slide for weeks in a row.
The war in Ukraine, which has contributed to rising fuel prices, a labor shortage and another wave of Covid infections are posing additional challenges, Harris said.
"There have been huge things happening in the economy and enormous government spending," he said. "When balances get large, adjustments have to be large.
"There will be a day of reckoning, the question is how soon."
But, in fact, recessions are fairly common and prior to Covid, there had been 13 of them since the Great Depression, each marked by a significant decline in economic activity lasting for several months, according to data from the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Prepare for budgets to get squeezed, Harris said. For the average consumer, this means "they eat out less often, they replace things less frequently, they don't travel as much, they hunker down, they buy hamburger instead of steak."
While the impact of a recession will be felt broadly, every household will experience such a pullback to a different degree, depending on their income, savings and financial standing.
Still, there are a few ways to prepare that are universal, Harris said.
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